According to her Theresienstadt death certificate, Emilie Goldberger was born in Buda (formerly Ofen) in Hungary. Another source states Göding/Hodonín (near Brünn/Brno). Her parents were Heinrich Goldberger and Chaje Goldberger, née Haft
Emilie Goldberger appears for the first time in the Wiener Zeitung as a piano student of the 2nd class of the Vienna Music School of Prof. Eduard Pirkher
At the age of only 14 1/2 she is admitted to the Conservatory of the Society of the Friends of Music in Vienna in the class of Prof. Anton Door
At the end of her first year of study, Emilie Goldberger received the first prize for her exceptional performance – unanimously. The jury included Joseph Hellmesberger jun.
The Neue Fremden-Blatt gives the now 16-year-old "a special wreath of honor" in a concert review for her interpretation of an Impromptu by Ignaz Brüll, the Fairy Tale by Julius Epstein and an Invention by Franz or Vinzenz Lachner in the Kleiner Musikvereinssaal. The press also speaks highly of her playing and predicts a bright future for her as a concert pianist
According to the Wiener Salonblatt, Emilie Goldberger performs "quite creditably" at a concert of the Conservatory in the Kleiner Musikvereinssaal with Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5 conducted by Joseph Hellmesberger
According to the Illustrirtes Wiener Extrablatt, Emilie Goldberger gives her first concert of her own in the Kleiner Musikvereinssaal and justifies great expectations. She plays Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert, Heinrich von Herzogenberg's Fantastic Dances No. 4, Prelude and Fugue in A minor (BWV 543) in the arrangement by Franz Liszt and the Sonata op. 110 by Ludwig van Beethoven, which will become her showpiece. Her extraordinary memory has been praised by the press. The singers Thekla Friedberger and Wilhelm Speyer perform with her
Emilie Goldberger performs the same piano pieces in the well-attended farewell concert for the singer Thekla Friedberger in the small Musikverein hall, who has received an engagement in London
Emilie Goldberger gives an unspecified concert in the legendary Bösendorfer Hall in the Palais Lichtenstein in Herrengasse. Again her unusual memory is praised in the press. It was not yet a matter of course to play from memory. This painting shows the hall, but not Emilie Goldberger
Emilie Goldberger goes on a summer retreat to Baden near Vienna, where she will not only give concerts, but also piano lessons. Her first concert takes place in the enormous heat of the dog days on June 23 at the hotel Stadt Wien, together with Miss Irma von Cselko, a well-known singing master. Emilie Goldberger "delighted with excellent technique" and achieved resounding success with Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's 1st Piano Concerto op. 25, accompanied by Robert Götz on a second grand piano
Emilie Goldberger gave a second concert in the large hall of the Badische Mineralschwimmschule with the participation of the well-known violinist Bertha Haft, featuring Beethoven's Sonata in E-flat major, a Bourrée by Johann Sebastian Bach, the Impromptu in C minor by Franz Schubert, a Nocturne by Frédéric Chopin (arr. August Wilhelmj), the Tarantelle by Henri Vieuxtemps, a Capriccio by Johann Peter Gotthard, a Berceuse by Chopin (arr. Michael William Balfe), a Polonaise by Ferdinand Laub, and the 12th Hungarian Rhapsody by Franz Liszt. The Bösendorfer grand piano that had been ordered was not available. Emilie Goldberger had to "do the concert with a very modest instrument procured at the last moment"
In the hall of the Goldener Hirsch hotel in Baden, Emilie Goldberger gave another concert with the "most famous violin virtuoso" Bertha Haft with "tonal works by Bach, Schubert, Chopin, Wieniawski, Schumann, Laub and Liszt." Whether the two women were also able to indulge in recreational bathing themselves?
Emilie Goldberger performed again in the Bösendorfer Hall of the Palais Lichtenstein, this time with the participation of the now unknown singer Frl. Rachel Büchler with Ludwig van Beethoven's op. 110, the Chromatic Fantasy by Johann Sebastian Bach, unnamed pieces by Adolph Henselt, Ignaz Brüll, Stephen Heller, Frédéric Chopin and several named songs by Robert Franz and Johannes Brahms
Emilie Goldberger traveled to Frankfurt am Main and became one of 12 female students of the pianistic legend Clara Schumann in the first piano class of the newly founded Dr. Hoch's Conservatory for one semester
Emilie Goldberger gave a concert that day in the small Saalbau in Frankfurt/Main together with a concertmaster named Herrmann. She remains Clara Schumann's pupil until Easter 1879
Emilie Goldberger went to Paris! There she played on January 28 in the famous Salle Érard of the world famous piano maker, a concert with "beaucoup de talent" with works by Beethoven, Bach, Scarlatti, Weber, Schubert, Chopin, Rubinstein, Saint-Saëns and Ketten together with the royal court pianist of the Netherlands Louis Coenen, cellist Anton Hekking, singer Erminia Frezzolini (pictured) and "Smit Delugne, Selbach et Mlle de Varhalmy" with whom she received "rich applause" for her "solid qualités de mécanisme et de style"
In Paris she was also heard by Walter Ibach, the famous piano producer, who suggested to his brother to hire Emilie Goldberger as a professional pianist. A handwritten letter of application from Emilie Goldberger to the Ibach company with her beautiful handwriting and signature has been preserved. She applied for a job as a piano demonstrator
Emilie Goldberger was apparently traveling on her return trip via Frankfurt am Main, because she took the opportunity to give a well-attended concert in the small hall of the Saalbau together with the concertmaster Willy Heß and Valentin Müller in Beethoven's E minor Trio and with the singer Frl. Epstein. Emilie Goldberger performed again with a Saltarello by Stephen Heller, a Gavotte by Raff, a Mazurka by Saint-Saëns with "respectable artistic maturity"
Emilie Goldberger was in Munich that day in the ballroom of the Central-Säle, where she gave a benefit concert in favor of the asylum for the homeless with the participation of the k. b. court actress Philomene Hartl-Mitius, the opera singer Emilie Lang-Rongé and the pianist Lily Scherzer, the famous k. b. court actor Ferdinand Lang, the cello virtuoso Heinrich Bast and the string orchestra Neithardt with piano accompaniment by Prof. Adolf Schimon
Emilie Goldberger gave another concert in the hall of the Munich City Museum, which was again poorly attended. A newspaper critic criticized – by hearsay. The C minor Trio by Beethoven was played, as piano solo pieces Prelude and Fugue by Bach, a Saltarello by Stephen Heller, the Notturno in A by John Field, a Gavotte by Joachim Raff and – also as a showpiece – again the 12th Hungarian Rhapsody by Franz Liszt. A Frl. von Sicherer gave various songs; court cellist Carl Ebner's playing "satisfied". Emilie Goldberger performed "good but nothing outstanding, so that this critic let the concert pass without a trace"
The "courageous Hungarian" Emilie Goldberger also plays in Augsburg in the hall of the Stock Exchange on Rathausplatz, where she is supported by members of the City Theater – Messrs. Deppe, Hungar and Slunicko. As she has performed before in the Augsburg Music School, the critic of the Augsburger Abendzeitung praises her "brilliant technique and soulful expression, light, shadow and fire, delicacy, calmness and security with pronounced talent with rare artistry"
Newspapers write that Emilie Goldberger also performed in Würzburg. For this city I could not find any proof so far. For a longer period of time concert and residence announcements are missing; however, it could have fallen into this time
Emilie Goldberger had reached the top of the Viennese concert pianists and was mentioned in an essay by Eduard Hanslick in the Neue Freie Presse alongside Flora Groß, Toni Wolff, Marie Baumayer, Pauline Berthenson, Lotte von Eisl, Katharina Ranuchewitsch, Wilma Goldstein, Pauline Paßler , Fanny Bloomfield, Frieda Zwierzina, Adele Mandlick, Emilie Heßler, Pauline Dürnberger and Marie Jaëll (!). In the same article Hanslick also pleaded for (!) the employment of female violinists in regular orchestras
Emilie Goldberger moved to Göding (today Hodonín, 50 km south of Brno) and played in a concert in mid-May "as a favor." The program included a Nocturne in F-sharp major, an Impromptu in A-flat major, a Valse in E minor, and a Hungarian Fantasy by Franz Liszt "with a mastery that delighted the public, especially the more musically educated part of it, and provoked the liveliest expressions of applause"
On this day she played in the large hall of the Hotel Kopper in the fourth Casino evening "with her usual amiability" together with the Imperial Russian court and chamber singer Wilhelmina Iwanowna Raab, whom Emilie Goldberger "worthily stood by" with brilliant technique and good performance with the 1st movement from Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5. Movement from Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5, Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody with further participation of Miss Kastner, Dr. Sax, Jur. Mayer and Mr. F. Ratschitzky
Emilie Goldberger accompanied stars of her time on this day: the cello virtuoso Josef Diem and the Ducal Coburg chamber singer Frl. W. Schwartzkopff in front of an "extremely distinguished audience in unusual numbers with rich applause", including with Frédéric Chopin's Polonaise for piano and cello, with Carl Piutti's Fantasy on I Puritani, Robert Schumann's Träumerei, the Jubelarie from Charles Gounod's Faust and other lieder, soloistically with Franz Schubert's Andante and Variations, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's Saltarello and with Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody as encore
That day, Emilie Goldberger was a guest in the Brno Redoutensaal with Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata, accompanied by the concertmaster of the Brno City Theater – Carl Koretz – on the violin. She also played Franz Schubert's Andante with Variations, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's Saltarello, and several unnamed Chopin works, all "performed with verve" as an "able pianist who executes solid pieces of music excellently to lively applause." The performance continued with Mrs. Cardis, Mrs. Hausner, Mr. von Lenor, and Mr. von Lichtenberg. The Tagesbote from Moravia and Silesia quoted the Augsburger Abendzeitung about Emilie Goldberger's artistic abilities
In the concert of the Göding Männergesangverein (Men's choir), Emilie Goldberger supported with a Gavotte by Johann Sebastian Bach, the Serenade by Moritz Moszkowski, an Impromptu by Frédéric Chopin and lastly with her favorite, the Hungarian Rhapsody by Franz Liszt. The composer Ferdinand Debois from Brno is also expected to attend this concert
Where was Emilie Goldberger during this time? I could not yet find any clues for these years. However, her mother Anna died at the beginning of July 1887. An obituary informs that she was 63 years old and buried at the Vienna Central Cemetery in the Israelite section. In the advertisement Emilie Goldberger appears as daughter and Heinrich Goldberger as husband. In Emilie Goldberger's Theresienstadt death certificate, her mother bears the name Anna/Chaje
Around 1886, the Goldbergers were living in Vienna at Friedrichstrasse 13, as can be seen from a newspaper advertisement in which Emilie's father Heinrich recommends himself as a language teacher for English and French
Emilie Goldberger was apparently still living in Göding/Hodonín. That month she gave a concert with the singer Frl. Helene von Morini, who together "earned rapturous applause for their truly artistic performances, and were repeatedly called out after each number"
This month Emilie Goldberger took part in a concert of the Göding Women's Local Group of the German School Association, together with the concert singer Miss Helene von Morini and Miss Anna von Suppè on the violin – granddaughter of the famous composer Franz von Suppè. Emilie Goldberger played the B minor Scherzo by Frédéric Chopin "with noble artistic conception and also received special applause for her performance of a concerto by Mendelssohn=Bartholdy and for her sensitive rendition of Schubert=Liszt's Gretchen am Spinnrade"
Here, too, there is a gap of several years in Emilie Goldberger's life, for which I have not yet found any concert activity
Emilie Goldberger again performed in the concert hall of the modern Palais Ehrbar in the 4th district, Mühlgasse 28, with the participation of Vilma Gormasz and Julius Desing, a member of the Vienna Court Opera. The following piano recitals in this concert series also featured the Rosé Quartet in the Großer Musikvereinssaal, harpist Edith Martin in the Kleiner Musikvereinssaal and Marie Fillunger – mistress of one of Clara Schumann's daughters – in the Bösendorfer-Saal
Here, too, there is a biographical gap. In 1902 Emilie Goldberger donates 2 crowns for the construction of a monument to Empress Elisabeth (Volksgarten). In 1903 she donates 3 crowns for poor Jews in Kischenau/Chișinău
Emilie Goldberger "gives this year's piano recital" again in the concert hall of the Palais Ehrbar in Vienna "with the pleasing participation of Mrs. Olga Dubsky (singing)". The Neue Wiener Tagblatt is impressed by "an excellent technique and beautiful touch and the deep musical feeling, which came to special effect in the sustained pièces"
Olga Dubsky was deported from Vienna to Litzmannstadt/Łódź on October 15, 1941 and probably murdered
In this year Emilie Goldberger stays as a spa guest in Baden near Vienna and lives as a "piano virtuoso and teacher from Vienna" at Wassergasse 16
In August, she lives in Gmunden am Traunsee with Brabec at Traungasse 3
Emilie Goldberger travelled back to Gmunden am Traunsee for her summer retreat and lived with Freidlinger at Salzamtsgasse 1 on the second floor. Here she offered piano lessons again
Emilie Goldberger performed again that day in the concert hall of Palais Ehrbar with the participation of the concert singer Hedwig Löwenthal.
Hedwig Löwenthal (1883–1941) – who fled to Holland – was probably also murdered in Riga around 1941
This summer, Emilie Goldberger finds herself back on the Gmunden spa list at the Goldener Hirschen hotel
She moved on to Bad Ischl, where she found accommodation with Gassner at Schulgasse 5
Once again the Neue Freie Presse is pleased to report that Emilie Goldberger has returned to Vienna from her summer retreat and has resumed her piano lessons
Emilie Goldberger is found again in the spa list of Gmunden and this time lives at Marktplatz 14
Emilie Goldberger played in the ballroom of the Österreichischer Gewerbeverein the sonatas for piano and violin in F major by Joseph Haydn and G major by Anton Rubinstein "as well as an unprinted piece by Liszt Schlaflos". This piece is considered lost today. The original manuscript was probably in the possession of Emilie Goldberger and/or Julius Desing
The Neue Freie Presse also knows that Emilie Goldberger lives in the 3rd district at Kegelgasse 2
Not a single concert advertisement has been found for these years. How did she experience the First World War? In September 1914 she donated 10 crowns, which the Wiener Allgemeine Zeitung mentioned in the 16th donation statement of the War Welfare Office of the Imperial and Royal War Ministry. War Ministry especially mentions her
The war is over, but Emilie Goldberger seems to have fallen off the face of the earth for those years. How did she experience the end of the war and the great economic crisis of 1923? Who could still afford piano lessons then? And how did she perceive the rise of National Socialism?
Emilie Goldberger came a little late to the summer retreat this year. She lived in Bad Ischl at Salzburger Straße 9 with permanent residence in Vienna
An advertisement appears in the Neue Freie Presse in which Emilie Goldberger continues her piano lessons. She was probably back in Bad Ischl or Gmunden or somewhere else entirely for the summer or late summer. Now she lives in Purkersdorf at Wiener Strasse 45, where today the neat yellow villa with lots of white stucco houses a Buddhist institute. In her death certificate from Theresienstadt, Purkersdorf is listed as her home town
Emilie Goldberger's last Viennese residential address is Seegasse 9 in Alsergrund. At that time there was a Jewish home for the elderly and until today a Jewish cemetery of Vienna, which has been accessible again since 1984
Emilie Goldberger appears on a list marked with this day's date as number 908, her last residential address and date of birth recorded therein. She must also bear the compulsory name "Sara"
On this day, Emilie Goldberger – now 83 years old – was sent on transport no. 37 (IV/8-908) from Vienna's Aspang railway station to the Theresienstadt ghetto. Between February 15, 1941 and October 9, 1942, 45 trains left this station for the ghettos and extermination camps, 13 of them to Theresienstadt
Emilie Goldberger dies at 7:15 in the morning in Theresienstadt in building E a III in room 310, where the ghetto hospital is located. According to the death certificate, she officially dies of "marasmus" (severe symptoms of deficiency, physical deterioration due to illness or old age), "enteritis" (inflammation of the intestines), "intestinal catarrh" and "weakness due to old age". Her body was probably burnt. According to the plan of the Theresienstadt ghetto, her death chamber has been preserved
During this time, the Nazi organ Völkischer Beobachter contains almost endless lists of expropriations on a daily basis: "Daily official list. Confiscation order. The entire movable and immovable property as well as all rights and claims of the persons listed below are confiscated in favour of the German Reich (Reich Finance Administration) in accordance with § 1 of the Ordinance on the Confiscation of Property Hostile to the People and the State in the Land of Austria of 18.11.1938, RGBl. 1, p. 1620. With the confiscation, all rights and claims of the previous owners shall expire and pass to the German Reich. The Chief Finance President Vienna-Lower Danube, Vienna, I., Hanuschgasse 3, is responsible for the administration and realisation of these assets"
Emilie Goldberger is also on the long list that follows. With this act of confiscation of the property and remaining assets of Emilie Goldberger left in the Jewish old people's home at Seegasse 9, her life is completely dispersed. What happened to her belongings?
There are still many unanswered questions about Emilie Goldberger. Was she still reasonably agile in her last days in Vienna and did she still have pleasant and loving hours there? Was she able to play the piano until old age? That her body lasted so long until Theresienstadt at all? Whether the people in Emilie Goldberger’s wagon could still encourage each other or were frozen in shock?
When Emilie Goldberger died in the Theresienstadt ghetto, the cremation ovens had just been put into operation. There was still time to put the ashes of individual deceased into urns. There is a small probability that Emilie Goldberger received an urn that may still be present. In this case, probably only with many, many apparent “little things” can be done. But only by paying attention to such “little things” can a picture become reasonably whole again, or at least come as close as possible to it.
Deeper research is therefore conditionally still to be done.
Screenshot concert announcement November 23, 1876 © Susanne Wosnitzka | Dr. Hoch’s Konservatorium Frankfurt a. M., Jahresbericht Jg. 1878/9 (1879) Screenshot © Susanne Wosnitzka | Central-Säle CC BY-SA 3.0 © Rufus46 wikimedia.commons | Screenshot death certificate Anna Goldberger © Susanne Wosnitzka | Collage photographs Anna von Suppè © Andreas Weigel www.starsingars.wordpress.com | Festsaal Niederösterreichischer Gewerbeverein © CC BY 4. 0 Bernhard Krabina | Screenshot deportation list and house Purkersdorf © Susanne Wosnitzka | Death certificate Theresienstadt © www.holocaust.cz | Plan Ghetto Theresienstadt © www.ghettotheresienstadt.de | Screenshot Völkischer Beobacher © Susanne Wosnitzka | all other images © public domain